DOVE (Heb. יוֹנָה, yonah), the domesticated (Columba domestica) as well as the wild pigeon, of which several species are found in Ereẓ Israel, in whose caves and rock clefts brood large flocks of rock pigeons (Columba livia), considered to be the original species of the domesticated variety. It builds its nest in the clefts of precipitous rocks inaccessible to birds and animals of prey (Jer. 48:28). Sepulchral chambers, hewn in caves in several places in Israel, are used by doves for brooding, and in the Bet Guvrin region there are columbaria consisting of tens of thousands of such chambers. Among the varieties of the rock pigeon is a wild variety found in Jerusalem which broods under the caves of houses and is known as the "loft-dove" in contradistinction to the "cote dove" which is bred (Tosef., Beẓah 1:10). The Mishnah refers to the catching of wild doves in nets (BK 7:7). The dove, which is permitted as food, was brought as an offering by the poor (Lev. 5:7) and by the Nazirite (Num. 6:10). Because of their importance as a sacrifice, the state of the young doves' development was taken into account when intercalating the year (Sanh. 11a). The sages held that the dove was eligible for sacrifices because "there is none among the birds more persecuted than doves" (BK 93a). It is monogamous, the female following the male (cf. Hos. 7:11). At nesting time the males coo (Isa. 59:11). The dove symbolizes beauty, innocence, and purity (Song 1:15; 5:2). The "benei yonah" which were used as sacrifices are defined in the Talmud as tender young doves until "their feathers begin to glisten"; they are identical with the gozal (Gen. 15:9; cf. Kin. 2:1; Ḥul. 22b). Of a superior domestic stock were the "hardesiot" doves, a name derived, some contend, from that of King Herod who, according to Josephus, bred doves (Jos., Wars, 5:181; cf. Ḥul. 139b). Among those ineligible to act as witnesses is one who decoys doves from his neighbor's dovecote or who engages in pigeon races (Sanh. 25a). The first dove mentioned in the Bible is the one sent by noah which brought back an olive leaf (Gen. 8:8–11) – according to rabbinic tradition from the Mount of Olives. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Lewysohn, Zool, 199ff.; Tristam, Nat Hist, 211–6; Y. Aharoni, Torat ha-Ḥai, 1 (1923), 103–5; F.S. Bodenheimer, Ha-Ḥai be-Arẓot ha-Mikra, 2 (1956), 385–92; J. Feliks, Animal World of the Bible (1962), 54. ADD Bibliography: Feliks, Ha-Ẓome'aḥ, 238. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dove — • In Christian antiquity the dove appears as a symbol and as a Eucharistic vessel Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Dove     Dove     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Dove — (marque) « Dove » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Dove (homonymie). Dove est une marque de savon et de produits cosmétiques dont la marque déposée et le nom appartiennent à Unilever. Dove s est illustré depuis 2006 en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dove — ist ein Wort aus dem Niederdeutschen mit der Bedeutung der Taube, der Schwerhörige. Es ist u. a. der Familienname folgender Personen: Alfred Dove (1844–1916), deutscher Historiker Arthur Garfield Dove (1880–1946), US amerikanischer Maler Heinrich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dove — (d[u^]v), n. [OE. dove, duve, douve, AS. d[=u]fe; akin to OS. d[=u]ba, D. duif, OHG. t[=u]ba, G. taube, Icel. d[=u]fa, Sw. dufva, Dan. due, Goth. d[=u]b[=o]; perh. from the root of E. dive.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) A pigeon of the genus {Columba} and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dove — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pastilla de jabón Dove …   Wikipedia Español

  • dove — / dove/ [lat. de ūbi ]. ■ avv. (radd. sint.) [in quale luogo, in frasi interr. ed esclam.: d. sarà nascosto? ; so già d. si andrà a finire ; d. siamo capitati! ] ▶◀ (lett.) ove. ▲ Locuz. prep.: da dove [indica moto da luogo: da d. vieni? ]… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • dove — [dʌv] noun [countable] a politician or official who does not believe in using force or firm action when dealing with problems compare hawk1 * * * dove UK US /dʌv/ noun [C] ECONOMICS ► someone who believes that the government should not take… …   Financial and business terms

  • Dove —   [dʌv],    1) Arthur Garfield, amerikanischer Maler, * Canandaigua (New York) 2. 8. 1880, ✝ Huntingdon (New York) 23. 11. 1946; einer der ersten amerikanischen Maler, der die Technik der Collage anwandte, bedeutend auch als Pionier der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Dove — Dove, Heinrich Wilh., geb. 1803 in Liegnitz, studirte seit 1821 in Breslau u. Berlin Mathematik u. Physik, habilliirte sich 1826 als Privatdocent in Königsberg, wurde 1828 Professor der Physik daselbst u. 1829 in Berlin. Er schr.: Über Maß u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Dove [1] — Dove (spr. döww), linker Nebenfluß des Trent in England, entspringt am Axe Edge, bildet die Grenze zwischen Derbyshire und Staffordshire und mündet nach 90 km langem Lauf unterhalb Burton. Das obere Dovedale ist reich an schattigen Wäldern,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”